MakeUseOf had an interesting, brief review of an automation utility for Windows called Hygeia. They compare it to IFTTT. Some of its functionality sounds like Auto Hotkey, which you can use to create small macros to automate simple processes.
Hygeia caught my eye because of the ability to set up rules to manage files. You can set up folder watchers, and when something happens in a folder, it can trigger an event. It can also keep track of when you rename or delete a file. On its own, I can see some minor file management benefits but if it was paired with a cloud file sync service, like Dropbox or Box, you might be able to do things like grab a file that is synchronized down to your computer and place it in a folder that isn’t synchronized. This might be useful if you’re wary about placing all of your files in the cloud, but occasionally use Dropbox to upload a file remotely and have it sent back to your computer.